Between 1261 and 1294 the duchy of Brabant witnessed one of the most dramatic episodes in its history: a dynastic and constitutional crisis was followed by a civil war, after which the famous battle of Worringen took place. Key-figure in this period was John I, second-born son of duke Henry III. In this paper I investigate the evaluation of this period in fourteenth- and fifteenth-century historiography. In the fourteenth century, historiography proved to be strongly influenced by the traditions that came into being in the ducal circles during the reign of John I. In the first half of the fifteenth century, on the other hand, chroniclers like Emond de Dynter († 1449) and Petrus de Thimo († 1474) used the reign of the 'national hero' John I to prove their point of view concerning the international status of the duchy of Brabant and the internal policy of the States of Brabant, respectively.
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