In this article I aim to shed new light on both the Die riddere metter mouwen (Rmm) in the Lancelotcompilation and the Conte du graal by means of a new interpretation of the intertextual relation between the two romances. In view of the many parallels between these works, one major difference catches the eye: the nature of the hero's relationship with women and the significance of that relationship for the hero's role as knight. In the Rmm, Miraudijs has a good relationship with women and easily combines the secular and the spiritual, while in the Conte du graal Perceval's vexed relationship with women points to his inability to combine worldly adventures with a religious attitude. Miraudijs' success makes clear that Perceval's failure on the spiritual level is not the fault of the courtly world in which he lives, as most scholars argue, but his own. Moreover, it implies that when Perceval finally experiences his turn to religion, a reunion with his beloved Blancheflor is possible.
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