The Martijns – a series of three poems by the 13th-century Flemish author Jacob van Maerlant – were until now known from fifteen manuscripts or fragments of manuscripts and printed texts. In 2016 a new fragment was discovered in the departmental archives of Yvelines in France (Montigny-le-Bretonneux, Archives départementales des Yvelines, ms. 1F 180). It is a bifolium that can be dated around 1400; the linguistic characteristics of the Middle Dutch verses suggest an origin in the duchy of Brabant. The bifolium has preserved the beginning of the first Martijn poem, Wapene Martijn (‘Alas, Martijn’), and the end of the third, Van der Drievoudecheide (‘About Trinity’). An analysis and comparison with other text witnesses suggests that the complete quire was a quinion (5 bifolia) that also contained Dander Martijn (‘The second Martijn’). Probably, this quire functioned autonomously as a self-contained booklet. This article offers a first diplomatic edition of fragment Y and a discussion of its variants.
< Terug naar overzicht